Knowing Dementia

Did you know?

About 1 in 10 Singaporeans aged 60 and above suffer from dementia, and half of those aged 85 and above had dementia. By 2030, it is estimated that more than 100,000 people in Singapore may have dementia.

Sources: Alzheimer’s Disease Association of Singapore, Survey by the Alzheimer’s Disease Association and the Singapore Management University

What is Dementia?

As we age, we may find our memory deteriorating. This is known as age-associated memory impairment and is considered part of the normal ageing process.

Dementia, however, while more prevalent among older adults, is not a normal part of ageing.

According to World Health Organisation (WHO), dementia is a syndrome – usually of a chronic or progressive nature – in which there is deterioration in cognitive function (i.e. the ability to process thought) beyond what might be expected from normal ageing.

Are You at Risk of Getting Dementia?

There are many factors that can increase your risk of getting dementia:

  • Age (more common in those 65 or older)
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • High blood sugar (diabetes)
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Smoking
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Being physically inactive
  • Being socially isolated
  • Depression

Early Signs of Dementia

  • Memory loss
  • Difficulty performing familiar task
  • Disorientation to time & place
  • Poor or decreased judgement
  • Changes in mood, personality or behaviours
  • Problems with images & spatial awareness
  • Misplacing things
  • Withdrawal from work or social activities
  • Problems with language & communication
  • Difficulty planning or solving

How to Reduce the Risks of Dementia?

There is no cure for dementia. But there is good news! Leading a healthy lifestyle may help delay the onset of dementia.

Nutrition to reduce the risk of dementia:

Phosphatidylserine (PS)

  • Protects the nerve cells in brain and allows effective nerve impulse transmission that involved in learning and memory
  • Relieves brain fatigue

B Vitamins

  • Essential for optimal physiological and neurological functioning
  • May delay or maintain the cognitive decline of elderly adults
  • Maintains a healthy nervous system

Ginkgo Biloba

  • May help improve memory and cognitive performance


  • Maintains brain function and development, such as memory and processing speed